The risk of death from cancer in the United States has fallen sharply
Are we near a world without cancer deaths? According to a report by the American Cancer Society ACS, the cancer death rate in both men and women has fallen by 32%. The drastic drop in smoking is particularly beneficial for this development.
Dhe risk of dying from cancer in the United States has fallen by almost a third in three decades. The American Cancer Society (ACS) said in its annual report on Wednesday that the cancer death rate for both men and women has fallen 32% from its peak from 1991 to 2019. “That success is in large part. due to the fact that fewer people smoke, “the report says.
The decline in the death rate corresponds to about 3.5 million deaths averted. In particular, cases of lung cancer caused by smoking and other cancers triggered by it have declined. Lung cancer kills more than any other type of cancer.
The decline in the death rate is accelerating, according to the report. In the 1990s, the risk of death was declining by one percent per year. Between 2015 and 2019, the rate declined twice as fast – around two percent per year.
“The accelerating decline in cancer death rates shows the power of prevention, screening, early diagnosis, treatment and our full potential to move us closer to a world without cancer,” according to the ACS report.
According to this, lung cancer is diagnosed earlier and earlier, which increases the chances of survival. In 2004, only 21 percent of people diagnosed with lung cancer were still alive after three years. In 2018, the share rose to 31%.
In the meantime, however, there are clear differences between population groups. The ACS reports that black survival rates are lower than whites for almost all types of cancer.
Black women are 41% more likely to die from breast cancer than white women, although they are 4% less likely to have it. Indigenous people are more than twice as likely to develop liver cancer as the white population.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death after heart disease in the United States
The ACS attributes this gap to “inequalities in terms of wealth, education and general standard of living” due to “historical and persistent structural racism and discriminatory practices”. Unequal access to healthcare was also “likely to worsen” due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death after heart disease in the United States. In 2022, the ACS expects 1.9 million new cancer cases and nearly 610,000 deaths.
According to the organization, 42% of screened cancer cases are “potentially preventable” because they are caused by smoking, obesity, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle.